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The sleep of reason produces monsters | artist: Francisco Goya

How enlightened was the Enlightenment? What if light is destined to generate shadows, Enlightenment a Counter-Enlightenment? | by Kwame Anthony Appiah

“Reason is evidently of a dialectical nature, where the thing desired contains its opposite, where every earnest stab at rationally building up society crosses over sooner or later, as if by some natural law, into an eruption of irrational violence. The harder we struggle for reason, it seems, the more we lapse into unreason.”

How do you define a cat?

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